Monday, 23 May 2011

Important Years of World History


Important Years:


B.C.
3000
Building of the Great Pyramid.
776
First Olympiad in Greece.
753
Foundation of Rome.
490
Greeks defeated the Persians at the Battle of Marathon.
360
The period of Aristotle and Plato.
332
Egypt conquered by Alexander.
323
Alexander dies at Babylon.
214
Work on the Great Wall of China begins.
55
Julius Ceasar attacks Great Britain.
4
Birth of Jesus Christ.


A.D.
29
Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
375
Huns’ invasion of Europe.
570
Prophet Mohammed born at Mecca.
622
Flight of Mohammed from Mecca to Madina.
632

Death of Mohammed; Beginning of Hijiri Era.
711
Arabs invade Spain.
1066
Norman invasion of England; Victory of William the Conquerer over the English King Harold II at Hastings.
1280
Roger Bacon invents gunpowder.
1338
The Hundred years War broke out.
1348
English faces Black Death Plague.
1453
Turks captured Constantinople; Renaissance in Europe.
1492
Discovery of America by Columbus.
1498
Sea-route to India discovered by Vasco-de-Gama.
1588
Spanish Armada defeated.
1600
British East India Company established in India.
1649
Execution of Charles I.
1660
Monarchy restored in England.
1665
The Great Plague of England.
1668
Glorious Revolution in England.
1704
Battle of Blenheim.
1707
Union of England and Scotland.
1776
Declaration of American Independence.
1789
French Revolution; George Washington elected the first President of America.
1805
Battle of Trafalagar and Nelson’s death.
1815
Battle of Waterloo; Napolean exiled to St. Helena.
1821
Death of Napolean.
1832
Reforms Bill passed in England.
1837
Queen Victoria’s accession to the throne of England.
1861
Beginning of the American Civil War.
1863
Slavery abolished in USA
1865
Assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
1869
Opening of the Suez Canal for traffic.
1895
Roentgen discovered X-Rays.
1896
Marconi invented wireless.
1904
Russiao-Japan war.
1905
Japan defeated Russia; Discovery of the theory of Relativity by Einstein.
1911
Chinese Revolution.
1912
Republic of China established.
1914
Beginning of World War I.
1917
Russian Revolution.
1918
End of World War I.
1919
Treaty of Versailles signed.
1920
Formation of the League of Nations.
1923
Turkey declared Republic.
1933
Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany.
1936
Beginning of the Spanish Civil War.
1939
World War II begins.
1941
Russia invaded by Hitler; Pearl Harbour invaded by Japan.
1945
Establishment of UNO; End of World War II; Hiroshima and Nagasaki experience the first dropping of the Atom Bomb; Death of President Roosevelt.
1946
Civil War in China.
1948
Burma and Ceylon get independence.
1949
Indonesia gets independence; The Communists capture power in China.
1952
General Eisenhower elected as the American President.
1953
Death of Stalin; Mt. Everest conquered for the first time.
1954
Military Aid Pact between China and Pakistan; Chou En-lai visits India.
1955
Austria gets independence; Bandung Conference.
1956
Suez Canal nationalised by President Nasser; Egypt attacked by the forces of Britain; France and Israel.
1957
First artificial satellite launched by Russia.
1958
Egypt and Syria united and renamed United Arab Republic (UAR)
1959
Chinese capture Tibet; Dalai Lama flees to India; Sputnik launched by Russia.
1960
Explosion of an atom bomb device by France; Election of John F. Kennedy as President of USA
1961
Yuri Gagarin of USSR becomes the first spaceman.
1963
Partial Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty signed; Malaysia established; John F. Kennedy assassinated.
1965
Death of Sir Winston Churchill; Singapore becomes the sovereign independent nation; outbreak of Indo-Pak war.
1966
Tashkent Pact; A Russian aircraft lands on moon.
1967
Chinese explode hydrogen bomb; Arab-Israel War; Suez Canal closed.
1971
Outbreak of Indo-Pak war; Birth of Bangladesh; Surrender of 93,000 Pakistani troops; Khruschev died; Z.A. Bhutto new President of Pakistan.
1972
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman freed from Pakistani Jail and assumed the office of P.M. Bangladesh; Nixon of USA visited China; King Mahendra of Nepal died; USA and the USSR sign Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty.
1973
Outbreak of fourth Arab-Israeli war; Fourth non-aligned summit in Algiers.
1975
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, President of Bangladesh assassinated; King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, assassinated; Suez Canal reopened; Red Cross force Cambodia Government to Surrender.
1976
Chou-En Lai, P.M. of China, died; Seychelles gets independence; Viking I lands on Mars; Mao Tse-tung died; Jimmy Carter elected President of USA
1978
Agreement between Israel and Egypt; Vietnam attacked Cambodia; Z.A. Bhutto, former P.M. of Pakistan, sentenced to death; Bloody coup in Afghanistan; Mohammed Daoud assassinated; World’s first test-tube baby born.
1979
Chinese aggression in Vietnam; Cambodian rebels grab power in Pnom Penh; Mr. Z.A. Bhutto hanged; Mrs. Margaret Thatcher is the first woman P.M. of Britain.
1980
War starts between Iran and Iraq; Ronald Reagon elected USA President.
1982
Falklands, captured by Argentina; Israel attacks South Lebanon; Argentina forces surrender to British; P.L.O. Chief Yesser Arafat leaves Beirut; Bashir Gemyel, the President elect of Lebanon, assassinated; Soviet President breathes his last.
1983
US attacks Grenada; USA withdraws from UNESCO.
1985
India gets Presidentship of UN Security Council; Soviet President, Mr. Konstantin Chernenko, dies; Vietnam withdraws troops from Kampuchia.
1986
American air attack on Libya.
1987
Nuclear tests by USSR; Fresh proposal by Gorbachev; Group 77 meet at Havana; Unsuccessful military coup in Philippines, Prime Minister of Lebanon killed.
1988
WHO observes 7th of April as no smoking day, French President re-elected, Gen. Zia-ul-Haq killed in plane crash, Quake kills about 1,000 people in Bihar (India), George Bush elected President of USA, Arafat declares on independent state of Palestine, Nearly 1,00,000 people killed in earthquake in Armenia.
1989
The UN Peace keeping force starts implementation of UN Resolution 435 for the independence of  Namibia.
1990
The Panamanian President surrenders to the United States. South Africa lifts lean on African National Congress. Lithuania declares independence from the Soviet Union. Namibia becomes a free nation.
Iraq overruns Kuwait. East and West Germanys unite.
1991
War breaks out in the Gulf, With the defeat of Iraq and freedom of Kuwait, Gulf war ends.
1993
5 new members of security council START II treaty between Russian & US Presidents, Security Council resolution on Angola, Emergency in Zambia, Elections in Australia.
1994
South Africa emerged from aparted regime with Nelson Mandela as its president. GATT treaty signed to create World Trade Organisation (WTO).
1995
WTO comes into existence. Nuclear test by France. Balkan peace accord signed.
1996
Kofi Annan new UN Secretary General. Clinton re-elected US President. India refuses to sign CTBT. Shekh Hasina Wajed new PM of Bangladesh. Taliban capture Kabul and execute former communist
President Najibullah.
1997
Tony Blair back in power in UK. Mohd. Khatami elected president of Iran. Hong Kong goes back to China after 99 year British rule.
1998
Indonesian President Suharto resigns. Pakistan test fires `Gauri’ missile. US President Clinton faces impeachment.
1999
G-15 Summit ends. Yugoslavia accepts a peace plan for Kosovo.
2000
Thai commandor rescue 700 hostages from a capital Ratchabuh. India-China sign agreement on Information Technology, World Aids Day observed.
2001
Goerge W. Bush, was sworn in as the 43rd President of the United States. Heritage destroy of Bamiyan Buddha in Afghanistan by Taliban. Massacred of Nepal Royal family. Terrorist attacks on America by Taliban Supremo Osama bin Laden.
2002
`Euro’ becomes the official currency of 12 European countries. A new nation East Timor came into existence. Switzerland and East Timor becomes the 190th & 191th member of the UN.
2003
Germany, Spain, Pakistan, Chile and Angola take rotating two-year seats on the UN Security Council; Iraq and the UN sign a 10-point agreement to facilitate the work of disarmament monitors; India-born American astronaut Kalpana Chawla and six other crew of the STS-107 space shuttle mission were killed as the US space shuttle Columbia disintegrates over Texas; name of Yugoslavia has been changed, it became Serbia and Montenegro; Australia win ICC World Cup by defeating India, war between US and Iraq; International criminal court was launched. WTO ministerial conference held in Cancun. India and ASEAN signed three accord. Over 20,000 people are killed as a major earthquake
destroys the Iranian Fort city Bam.
2004
India-Pakistan air links resume, the 12th SAARC Summit concludes in Islamabad after the signing of historic Agreement on Free Trade, Additional Protocol on Terrorism and Social Charter. NASA announced that it would name the spot where the robot probe Spirit landed successfully, in the memory of seven astronauts of the space shuttle Columbia. The US declares Mr. Saddam Hussein a prisoner of war. Pakistan has been readjusted to the common wealth. United States hand over political authority to Iraq. The 28th Olympics start in Athens. Russian Parliament ratifics the Kyoto Protocol, Yasser Arafat dies in Paris. Taslima Nasreen awarded UNESCO tolerance and non-violence Prize.
2005
India and Pakistan agree to allow travel by bus across the Line of Control between Srinagar and  Muzaffarabad, Microsoft founder, The U.S. Senate approves Michael d. Griffin as NASA chief, Kuwaiti Parliament grants women the right to vote and run in elections, Latvia ratifies E.U. Constitution, The sixth book by J. K. Rowling, Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince, hits the stands worldwide, Junichiro Koizumi is reelected Japanese Premier by the new House of Representatives at a special session in Tokyo, The Dhaka Declaration decides to set up a SAARC poverty Alleviation Fund and to declare 2006-2015 the SAARC Decade of Poverty Alleviation, The Kyoto protocol on limiting pollution becomes fully operational, Evo Morales wins Bolivian presidential polls, The Galileo navigational telescope is launched from Kazakhstan.
2006
SAFTA comes into effect. Sirleaf sworn in as Liberian president. Chile elected socialist Michelle Bachelet to be its first woman president. 18th CWG held in Melbourne (Australia). UNO passed a resolution for new Human Rights Council. UN General Assembly has approved Ban-Ki-Moon as the new Secretary General. North Korea conducted an underground Nuclear test. 15th Asian Games were held in Doha (Qatar) in December 2006.
2007
Bangladesh declares a state of emergency. Nepal’s Parliament unanimously approves the interim Constitution. 14th SAARC Summit held in New Delhi (India). Australia won the World Cup Cricket tournament, 2007. G-8 Summit held in Heilligendamm, Berlin (Germany). Viktor Zubkov has been appointed as a new Prime Minister of Russia. Yasuo Fukuda was sworn in as the Prime Minister of Japan. India won the Twenty-20 World Cup Cricket Championship over Pakistan in South Africa. Nobel
Prize 2007 has ben announced.

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